Entrepreneurship development and employment generation in Nigeria: a study of the national directorate of employment

Main Article Content

John N. N. Ugoani
Grace I. Ibeenwo Ibeenwo
صندلی اداری


The issues of entrepreneurship development and employment generation continue to receive high attention because of their impact on unemployment and poverty reduction in many parts of the world. The National Directorate of Employment was introduced by government in its efforts toward employment generation. In furtherance of attempts toward tackling unemployment, addressing issues of poverty and vulnerability and promoting inclusive finance at the grass-root levels, the Directorate has a Special Micro Empowerment Scheme which is aimed at promoting social inclusion and job creation. Micro, Small and Medium enterprises such as  water/beverage sales, shoemaking, shining, among other vocations account for about 99.6 percent of registered businesses in Nigeria by which about 63 percent of the labour force earn a living. The Directorate has created over 2.076 million employments since it was established. The NDEs one million job creation programme remains a wonderful idea in employment generation. The survey research method was used for the study. Surveys refer to an investigation of events that exist at the time of the research and connected with some problem situations that is felt over a wide area. Data analysis was done through Pearson’s techniques. The result showed a very strong positive correlation between entrepreneurship development and employment generation. This is the aim of the study.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

Author Biography

John N. N. Ugoani, College of Management and Social Sciences, Rhema University

John N. N. Ugoani, holds a PhD degree in management. He is a senior lecturer and coordinator College of Management and Social Sciences at Rhema University Aba, Nigeria, and teaches courses on business, management, production management, human resource management, industrial relations, psychology and industrial psychology. John has over scholarly publications with over 1000 full text readership downloads and 5000 abstract views worldwide. He is listed among Ten Top Authors by Social Science Research Network. His present research interests are in the areas of emotional intelligence, managerial psychology, global human resource management, bank management, conflict management, governance, knowledge management, leadership, entrepreneurship, diversity, public policy, among others. Before entering academia, he was a senior manager at First Bank until 2009.


ADAM, S.; NAUDE, W.; GOEDHUYS, M. (2011) Entrepreneurship, Innovation and Economic Development. Netherlands Oxford University Press. American Journal of Small Business, Summer, p. 3.

ADEBAYO, A. A. (2006) Youth, Unemployment and the National Directorate of Employment Self-Employment Programmes Nigeria – Journal of Economics and Social Studies, v. 41, n. 1, p. 81-102.

ADEBISI, T. A.; ONI, C. S. (2012) Assessment of relevance of the National Directorate of Employment (NDE) Training Programmes to the Needs of the Trainees in South Western Nigeria. International Journal of Vocational and Technical Education. V. 4, n. 3, p. 29-37.

ADEYEMI, A. (2014) Sidelining of Corporate Social Responsibility by MSMEs. The Guardian, v. 31, n. 13138, p. 80.

AGBANUS, N. (2012) Doing What You Like and Promoting the Economy. – Eseoghene Odiete Businessday, v. 10, n. 218, p. 35.

AGBOOLA, T. (2012) Over 1.4m jobs created in 12 months says Aganga. The Nation, v. 7, n. 2157, p. 13.

AGANGA, O. (2012) Patronising Made in Nigeria Goods Will Boost Manufacturing – Aganga Businessday, v. 10, n. 218, p. 36.

AGANGA, O. (2013) FG Generates N9bn Funding Pool for MSMEs. National Daily, Edition 407, p. 14.

AFOLABI, B. (2014) Business/SME Report. The Nation, v. 8, n. 27/33, p. 64.

AKANWA, P. U.; AGU, C. N. (2005) Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice in Nigeria, Owerri. Resource Development Centre.

AKANWA, P. U. (2006) The Making of the Industrial Man Owerri, Global Press

BRIGHT, P.; CARLO VAN, I. (2003) Environmental Education and Training in the Royal Dutch/Shell Group of Companies UNEP Industry and Environment. p. 28-31.

COOMBS, P. N. (2009) New Path to Learning for Rural Children and Youths. International Commercial on Education. p. 14-15.

DEBELAK, D. (2006) The Risk-Free Entrepreneur: The Idea Person’s Guide to Building a Business with Other People’s Money, USA, Adams Media.

EUROPEAN COMMISSION (2013) Entrepreneurship as a Main Driver for Economic Growth. MEMO/13/5, Brussels.

FEDERAL GOVERNMENT OF NIGERIA (1986) Chukwuma Committee Report on NDE.

FEDERAL GOVERNMENT OF NIGERIA (2010) Small and Medium Scale Enterprises Guarantee Scheme.

FEDERAL GOVERNMENT OF NIGERIA (2003) Small and Medium Industries Development Agency (Establishment) Act.

HOFER, C. W.; CHARAN, R. (1984) The Transition to Professional Management: Mission Impossible? American Journal of Small Business, Summer, n. 3.

ISIMOYA, O. A. (2012) Nigerian Graduates and Entrepreneurial Opportunities. Business Day, v. 10, n. 218, p. 13.

KORMAWA, P. (2012) UNIDO to establish Cassava Processing Plant in Oyo State Nigerian Pilot, v. 2, n. 154, p. 30.

LEAP AFRICA (2006) Defying the Odds: Case Studies of Nigerian Organizations, That Have Survived Generations. Lagos, Leap Africa.

MASARI, A. B. (2014) National Enterprise Development Programme to Provide 5m jobs by 2015. Leadership, n. 2127, p. 25.

MATANMI, O. O. (2006) The Nexus of Entrepreneurial Spirit and Sustainable Enterprise Development. Lagos Organisation Review, v. 2, n. 14, p. 5-7.

MOMOH, S. (2012) The Problem with Small Enterprises. Businessday, v. 10, n. 218, p. 31-34.

MOSES – ASHIKE, H. (2012) MFBs set to disburse N600m to small holder farmers Business Day, v. 10, n. 218, p. 28.

NDUJIHE, C. (2015) How Govt Created 17m jobs – Aganga. Vanguard, v. 25, n. 62332, p. 8.

NDUMANYA, N. (2012) Removing Obstacles to Firm Growth, Prerequisite to Foster Entrepreneurship – Report Businessday, v. 10, n. 218, p. 35.

NZENWA, S. O. E. (2000) Micro-Credit and Development: Poverty Alleviation in Nigeria Lagos. Centre for Development and Civic Education.

OBODOEZE, F. O. (1996) Modern Textbook of Research Methodology, Enugu, Academic Publishing Company.

OGUNDELE, D. (2006) Entrepreneurship Studies and Development in Nigeria: The Missing Link. Lagos Organization Review, v. 2, n. 4, p. 69-74.

OKENWA, C. P. (1999) Entrepreneurship Development in Nigeria – A Practical Approach. Onitsha, Adson Education Publishers.

OKOJIE, J. (2011) National Universities Commission: Bench Mark Minimum Academic Standards For Undergraduate Programmes In Nigerian Universities, NUC, Abuja.

OLAYINKA, C. (2014) National Directorate of Employment to Establish Agric Park. The Guardian, v. 31, n. 13136, p. 31.

ONYEKAKEYA, L. (2014) CBN’s Strategic Failure in Micro Finance Banking. The Guardian, v. 30, n. 12850, p. 13.

OSEHOBO, V. (2012) 67 million Youths Unemployed – Minister Nigerian Pilot, v. 2, n. 154, p. 1-2.

OTABOR, O. (2014) Oshiomhole gets Lawmakers nod to access CBN’s N2b. The Nation, v. 9, n. 3069, p. 53.

OTTI, S. (2014) Unemployment Drain Nigerian Economy Anyaoku, Daily Sun, v. 10, n. 3033, p. 9

SAMI, D. (2012) ILO Warns Global Employment Situation is “Alarming” Nigerian Pilot v. 2, n. 154, p. 35.

SNYDER, C. A.; MANZ, C. C.; LAFORGE, R. W. (1983) Self-Management: A key to Entrepreneurial Survival American Journal of Small Business. July – September, p. 20-26.

STEVENSON, H.; GUMPERT, D. E. (1985) The Heart of Entrepreneurship. Harvard Business Review, March-April, n. 85.

UGOANI, J. N. N.; NWAUBANI A. N. (2014) Entrepreneurship Education as Helicopter for Entrepreneurship Development. Nigeria Perspective. International Journal Management Sciences, v. 4, n. 4, p. 182-198

UWAZIE, I. U. (2006) Labour Economics A Comprehensive Approach Owerri, Publish + Print Peace wise Systems.

WORLD BANK (2009) Banking the Poor. Measuring Banking. Access in 54 Economics. The World Bank Washington, D.C.

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >> 
فروشگاه اینترنتی