Rationale for the need to use blockchain technology to record and control operations for the export of grain (the example of Ukraine)

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Darya Trachova
Iryna Belova
Svitlana Stender
Olena Tomchuk
Oksana Danilochkina
صندلی اداری


Despite the steady export of Ukrainian grain growth, the net profit from its sales does not increase, and most times, even falls. That is why it became necessary to find out the reasons for the current situation and find ways out of it. The most common method for solving such problems in the modern world is the implementation of blockchain and related technologies (smart contracts, cryptocurrencies, etc.). This article is devoted to studying the economic need for the use of blockchain technologies to monitor grain for export in Ukraine and the analysis of foreign experience blockchain implementation to agricultural supply chains to adapt the best practices to Ukrainian realities. As a result of a theoretical study, the article identified problems in Ukrainian grain export, analyzed the results of using blockchain to solve similar problems in foreign countries, and also identified ways to use world experience in this area. In addition, the authors offered practical recommendations for changing and complementing the existing technological and logistic stages of grain export in Ukraine. It was also found that blockchain technologies, because of their properties such as decentralized control, security, traceability, and control of transactions, could solve most of the problems that arise in the grain supply chain from grower to end consumer. The authors have proposed a generalized multilayer system that includes a "Data input layer", a "Data store layer", and a "User's layer", which most fully considers the peculiarities of agriculture in Ukraine. However, the question of these technologies introducing cost and the economic feasibility of their use for farms of various sizes remains is still unclear, and will be considered by the authors in their following works.


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Integration System of Education, Science and Production
Author Biographies

Darya Trachova, Dmitry Motornyi Tavriya State Agrotechnological University

Doctor of Economics, Associate Professor of Accounting and Taxation. Co-founder of the NGO " Innovation and Socio-Economic Initiatives". Member of the Federation of Accountants, Auditors
and Financiers of the AIC of Ukraine. She teaches disciplines taught : Accounting, Information technology in accounting and analysis, Accounting by type of economic activity. Scientific interests: accounting, theory of institutional accounting, depreciation policy, digitalization of economics. Researcher ID K-7530-2018

Iryna Belova, West Ukrainian National University

Ph.D. (Economics), Associate Professor has been working at the Department of Business analytics and Innovative Engineering. Has practical experience of the manager at the enterprise "Intellectual Products". Scientific interests:  accounting and analytical support of strategic management, accounting and analysis in the system of strategic management, digital accounting. RESEARCHER ID: G-5382-2017

Svitlana Stender, Podillia State University

Candidate of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Accounting, Taxation and E-Business Technologies. Her continuous experience is fifteen years. Since 2006 he has been working at Podolsk State Agrarian Technical University. In addition to research work, Svetlana Stender teaches. Among the courses she teaches: accounting, accounting and reporting in taxation, internal control, controlling, etc. Research interests: Accounting, Taxation and Internal Control.



ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6234-1877

Olena Tomchuk, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Ph.D. in Economics, Associate Professor, Analysis and Audit Department. She teaches disciplines taught Economic Analysis, Financial Analysis, and Management Analysis. ResearcherID: L-5687-2018 

Oksana Danilochkina, National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine

Candidate of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor of the Accounting and Taxation Department, National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Independent forensic expert on economic issues. She teaches disciplines: “Forensic Economic Expertise”, “Accounting in Applied Software Solution”, “Information Technology in Accounting”. Scientific interests: problems of theory and practice of forensic economic expertise, research of accounting of enterprises, including information technologies in accounting. Web of Science ResearcherID  H-7760-2018



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